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UTILIZATION OF TELECOMMUNICATION FACILITIES IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES IN ENUGU AND ANAMBRA STATES

CHAPTER ONE 

INTRODUCTION 

Background of the Study

 Communication is the act of conveying information for the purpose of creating a shared understating. It is something that humans do every day. It includes verbal, non-verbal and electronic means of interaction (Ojobor and Sheriff 2005). The electronic means through which humans interact or communicate with one another is known as telecommunication. Telecommunication according to Houghton, (2007) is the science and technology of communication at a distance by electronic transmission of impulses by telegraph, cable, telephone, radio or television. Besides, Hornby, (2005) defines it as the technology of sending signals, images and messages over long distances by radio, telephone, television, satellite etc. Again, Divilbiss (1984) sees telecommunication as electronic transmission of voice, data and video information from one person to another. Moreover, he states that telecommunication includes all physical equipments, software; and procedures used in transmitting and receiving information. Based on the above definitions, one can equally define telecommunication as a worldwide transmission of information or knowledge from one person to another within or outside a geographical area through the aid of electronic devices such as telephone, radio, television, computers, and internet etc. Telecommunication is an aspect of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This is because all telecommunication facilities such as telephone, radio, television, computer, internet, videotext, telex, satellite phone etc are ICTs facilities; while some ICTs facilities such as scanner, photocopying machine, printer etc are not telecommunication facilities. In view of this, Spomega (2011) maintained that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is a general term that stresses the role of unified communication and the integration of telecommunication. Furthermore, he emphasized that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) consist of Information Technology (IT) as well as telephony (telecommunication), and all types of audio and video processing transmission and network base control and monitoring function. It is therefore pertinent to note that those aspects of ICTs that relate to telecommunication are relevant in this study and should be discussed where necessary. Telecommunication has great impact on library services and operations. The use of telecommunication facilities in library services and operations as stated Khalid (2007) will enable library to achieve greater integration among the various library sub-system in respect of data input, storage and processing operations. Moreover, telecommunication enhances efficiency in resource organization as delivery and dissemination of information becomes effective and easy. It will also encourage networking in library and as well eliminate repetition of tasks. With networking, indexing and abstracting of library materials such as books, journals, newspapers, and magazines etc can be shared among librarians in the network libraries. Moreover, sharing of electronic information resources such as e-books, e-journals with other libraries are possible through networking (Aina 2004).

Project detailsContents
 
Number of Pages64 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceReference
QuestionnaireQuestionnaire
AppendixAppendix
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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