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THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT AND OPINION LEADERS (RURAL AREA) IN MANAGING COMMUNITY CONFLICT_ (FROM-2001-2008) A CASE STUDY OF THE JOS, PLATEAU STATE CONFLICT

ABSTRACT

 After about thirty years of military dictatorship, Nigeria found herself again in mainstream of democratic governance. While this development was seen by some people as an avenue to explore dividends and goodies of democracy, others saw it as an opportunity to express grievances, the outcome of which is the occurrence and re-occurrence of conflict. Since the re-emergence of democracy in May 1999, not less than one hundred politically, ethnically and religiously motivated conflicts have occurred in Nigeria. This work examines the persistent waves of conflict in Plateau State and the threat it pose to the nascent democracy of Nigeria. The work investigates the role of government and opinion leaders in the management of these conflicts and concludes that if well handled the government and opinion leaders would go a long way in seeing that the conflicts are reduced to its bearest occurrences. A sample of 300 respondents was drawn from the residents of Plateau State. The pilot survey was used in arriving at this sample. During the study, the following hypothesis were tested using the simple percentage and chi-square (x2 statistical) methods. According to the findings, it is obvious that all residents of Jos Plateau State are aware of the conflict that has befallen the state since 2001-2008 residents are divided on the probable cause of the conflict. Residents are in support of the intervention of the government and opinion leaders. The masses can air their grievance without being confrontational. (Dialogue). Lasting Peace can be achieved through Reconciliation, advocacy and negotiation. Based on the various findings, recommendations designed to remedy the system and improve upon the present situation are continued in chapter five of this study they include: - Conflict management workshops should be organized for opinion and traditional leaders in the state and also the representatives of government in the state should be involved. - Reconciliation workshops should be organized for all parties that were involved in the crisis. - Centres of early warning of conflict situations should be set up; it is a necessary element in conflict prevention today.

Project detailsContents
 
Number of Pages129 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceReference
QuestionnaireQuestionnaire
AppendixAppendix
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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