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 The determination of household expenditure and estimates are fundamental in identifying consumption patterns of the poor. It has been proven that the identification of the poor, accounts for the poverty incidence in a society. Poverty and household expenditure patterns are like the two sides of a coin, where poverty is a state of lacks and denial and household expenditure patterns are the mirrors of the households’ welfare. This study examined the poverty incidence in Nigeria and investigated the effects of some household expenditure patterns on the odds ratio of poverty majorly. The Harmonized National Living Standard survey (NHLSS 2009) was used in this study while descriptive statistics, graphs and ordinary logit model were adopted in the analysis. The empirical evidence from this study showed that about 52.25 percent of Nigeria’s populations are poor. Expenditure patterns of the households decomposed by their socio-economic characteristics: poverty status(poor and non poor), sex(male and female) and sector(rural and urban) revealed that the rural resident households spend more on food while the urban residents spend more on health. The expenditure of the poor is skewed to food consumption while that of the non poor is spread across other expenditure patterns. Likewise, female-headed households spend more on health while the male-headed households spend more on food. Health and food expenditures are the significant expenditures patterns with other poverty indictors like sector and household size in the model. Considering “sector” (urban and rural) in the study, the rural household residents increase, in turn, increases the log of the odds ratio of poverty more, relative to the urban resident households. Findings showed that urban households spend more on health while the rural households spend more on food. This suggested that poverty is prevalent in the rural sector. Household size correlate with the log odds ratio of poverty implied that the log of the odds ratio of poverty increases as household size increase. Health insurance scheme, education subsidy, pension scheme women empowerment and family planning advocacy were recommended.

Review project detailsComments
Number of Pages86 pages
Chapter one (1)Yes  Introduction
Chapter two (2)Yes  Literature review
Chapter three (3) Yes methodology
Chapter  four (4) Yes  Data analysis
Chapter  five (5) Yes Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceYes Reference
QuestionnaireYes Questionnaire
Appendixyes Appendix
Chapter summaryyes 1 to 5 chapters
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