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 Background to the Study
 The training of student nurses, like every other health care programme, requires periodic and objective assessment and evaluation of students in the form of examinations to determine the knowledge and competencies acquired by them (Ugwu, 2015). In these assessments, scores are given and in most cases, tallied with officially set rules that determine whether a student will proceed, repeat or withdraw from the programme. In a situation where the scores meet up with the rules, the student is said to be an academic achiever. The concept academic achievement has been defined in different ways by different authors. York, Gibson and Rankin (2015) defined academic achievement as an outcome that captures the quality of students’ academic work such as course grades or GPA. Student’s learning process; persistence on the part of the student, which in itself refers to degree or programme completion; and retention, which refers to an institution retaining students during their academic careers are required to achieve institutional learning outcomes. Furthermore, Steinmayr, Meibner, Weidinger and Wirthwein (2015) defined academic achievement as that which represents performance outcomes that indicate the extent to which a person has accomplished specific goals that were the focus of activities in instructional environment especially in school, college and university. According to these scholars, academic achievement can be in form of procedural (skill) and declarative (factual) knowledge acquired in an educational system, curricular based criteria such as grades or performance on an achievement test, or cumulative indicators of academic achievement such as educational degrees and certificates. From the above definitions, academic achievement defines whether one can take part in higher education/ gain admission into school of nursing or into a university, proceed from one level of education to the other and based on educational degree one attains, influences one’s vocational career after education. Academic achievement refers to students’ success in meeting short or long- term goals in education. It means completing high school (e.g school of nursing) or earning a university degree. Trawler and Knight (2012) defined academic achievement as the accomplishment of an academic task in accordance with a set standard of completeness and accuracy in an educational system. This is measured by the achievement of the standard of examinations results and/or continuous assessment already set by the institution or professional body. For instance, many health care institutions and university colleges of health care education for nursing, pharmacy and medicine set a minimum Cumulative Grade Point Average or number of courses that must be passed by a student at every level of study in order to complete the programme. The rules set by different institutions concerning students’ academic achievement are varied. The school of nursing University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu set as its own rule that any student who fails two courses re-sits the courses, any student who fails three courses repeats the year, while any who fails four courses drops out of the programme, all at the Preliminary Training Session (PTS) level. At second and third year’s levels, any student who fails two courses repeats the year while two times failure of two courses drops out of the programme (Mouneke, 2015). On the other hand, the rule guiding student nurses’ programme at the Department of Nursing and Medical Rehabilitation University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus (UNEC) is that every student must obtain a minimum Cumulative Grade Point Average of 3.0 in their

Project detailsContents
Number of Pages107pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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