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Perceived exercise benefits and barriers among staff and students in tertiary institutions in Adamawa State were investigated as a basis for formulating proper exercise intervention strategies. The study utilized descriptive survey design. The purpose of the study was to determine perceived exercise benefits and barriers among staff and students of tertiary institutions in Adamawa state, Nigeria. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire adapted from Exercise Benefit/Barrier Scale (EBBS) developed by Sechrist, Walker and Pender (1985) which was validated by five experts. Eight hundred and fifty (850) copies of the questionnaire were distributed among respondents in six institutions of higher learning in Adamawa state. The scale comprised two components; Benefits and Barriers dimensions. The barriers scales needed not to be reversed scored in this case because both benefits and barriers scales were used independently in the study. To achieve this purpose, twelve research questions were posed and ten null hypotheses postulated for their verification at .05 level of significance. The instrument had a four response forced-choice Likert-type format with responses ranging from 4 = strongly agree (SA), 3 = Agree (A), 2 = Disagree (D) and 1 = strongly Disagree (SD).The findings of the study revealed that both male and female staff in institutions of higher learning in Adamawa state perceived exercise as highly beneficial. However, male staff had higher perceived benefits score than their female counterparts. (Male:  ̅ = 95.02. SD = 3.08) > female:  ̅ = 94.04, SD = 4.35. Also, both male and female students in institutions of higher learning in Adamawa state perceived exercise as beneficial, but female students reported higher perception than the male students. (Female: ̅=94.50=4.13>male:  ̅= 93.74,SD=4.33). There were also no significant difference in perceived exercise barriers between staff and students of tertiary institutions in Adamawa state. Based on the finding of the study, it was concluded that both staff and students of tertiary institutions perceived exercise as highly beneficial, and also perceived barriers to exercise as highly important factor influencing participation in exercise. It was recommended that since staff and student in institutions of higher learning in Adamawa State irrespective of gender and religious affiliations have basic knowledge of perceived benefits of exercise, there is the need to explore programme that will enable both students and staff across the sub-groups to overcome barriers that could discourage physical exercise participation.

Project detailsContents
Number of Pages73 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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