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ORGANIZATIONAL POLITICS AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCES_ A REVIEW AND THEORETICAL MODEL

CHAPTER ONE
 INTRODUCTION 
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
 Organizational Politics [OP] represents a unique domain of interpersonal relations in the workplace. Its main characteristics are the readiness of people to use power in their efforts others and secure their interests, or alternatively avoid negative outcomes within the organization (Bozeman, Perrwe, Kacmar, Hochwarter, & Brymer, 1996). As such, OP has become during the past decade a topic of prime importance in the management literature. In the late 1950s Lasswell claimed that politics is important since it represents the secret of “Who gets what, when, and how” in a social system (Lasswell, 1958). However, until the 1970s, policies in organizations received little or no attention. Only with the recognition that, as in the national arena. Organizations too have to deal with conflicts, resource sharing processes, and power struggles among their members and units, op began to attract growing attention. In the late 1970s some studies established a theoretical framework for the inquiry of policies at the workplace (Mayes a& Allen, 1977); Bacharach & Lawier, 1980; Pfeffer, 1981; Mintzberg, 1983). Drawing on these studies, Pfeffer (1992) argued that organizations, particularly large ones, are like governments in that they are fundamentally political entitles: To understand them one need to understand organizational policies, just as to understand governments one needs to understand governmental policies.
 1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
 Organizational policies are a complex, pervasive and sometimes even phenomenon. Its ambiguity derives from two distinct factors. Politics is sometimes misjudged and considered as synonymous with power perhaps since both are significant factors of human behaviour which affect one’s ability to accomplish and secure goals and interests in a social system. Moreover, there is some confusion concerning proximate term which very often arise together when politics and especially organizational politics is discussed leg conflict, influence, force, authority, power etc.

Project detailsContents
 
Number of Pages124 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceReference
QuestionnaireQuestionnaire
AppendixAppendix
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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