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 Background to the Study

 There are as many and varied concepts of abortion as there are stake holders on the subject. According to Asomugha (2001) these definitions are influenced by one’s philosophy, value system and attitude to life. For instance, the restrictives are strongly against abortion and demonstrate in unequivocal and uncompromising terms that abortion is the destruction of the unborn child. On the other hand, the pro-abortionists have the tendency to play down the immorality of abortion. Some proponents of abortion such as the pro-abortionist and the liberals define it as the cessation of life support before the foetus is viable. This definition implies a value judgement attached to the victim and the action by each of these two groups. However, abortion, according to Asomugha, is not a cessation or withdrawal of life support because the foetus is where it ought to be. Being in the womb is not a favour received from its mother but it has a natural right to be there, since it is invited there by the mother through her engagement in sexual relations. Igwe and Emeharole (1993) defined abortion as the removal of an embryo from the uterus. Giwa (1992) indicated that there are basically two types of abortion: induced and spontaneous. According to him, in an induced abortion, drugs or instruments are used to stop the normal course of pregnancy whereas spontaneous abortions occur without medical or other intervention and are called miscarriages. However, the idea of induced abortion will be incomplete without one knowing those who procure the abortion and from where. According to Makinwa, Adebusonye (1997), about one-third of women in Nigeria seeking an induced abortion are thought to obtain it from a physician and almost one-quarter are believed to go to a nurse or midwife; nearly half are thought to either use traditional providers who have no formal medical training, take drugs they purchase over the counter or employ other means to induce the abortion themselves. Ekwensi (1980) reported that teenage school children at times procure abortion themselves without the knowledge of any one in order to save their educational careers and be free from social and parental embarrassment. However, sometimes such abortions are committed at the instance of parents whose main motive is usually to avoid shame that accompany pregnancies outside wed-lock as well as the psychological trauma of a bastard child (Akingba, 1984). Anekwe (1996) described induced abortion as the expulsion or removal of an embryo or foetus from the uterus at a stage of pregnancy when it is incapable of independent survival that is at anytime between conception and the 24th week of pregnancy. The author maintained that some induced abortion are illegal, and is the crime of shedding the blood of an innocent soul not capable in any way of defending himself or herself. Okeke (1994) was of the opinion that induced abortion involves the detachment, forcing out or expulsion of the incompletely developed foetus or embryo from the mothers womb before viability. Induced abortion, according to Opara (2001), is a the killing of an innocent human being, hence size, age and level of development are irrelevant in this case. The author maintained that induced abortion is a serious evil both for those who take part in it and for the society. Akukwu (2001) remarked that induced abortion is a crime except when performed to protect the mother’s health. However , the perception of this as a crime bothers on one’s attitude towards the concept. Attitude has no one universally accepted definition. However, Cohen and Manion (1993) explained that attitude is the overt expression of values and personal qualities such as curiosity, perseverance, initiatives, open-mindedness, trust, honesty, responsibility respect and confidence.

Project detailsContents
Number of Pages51 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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