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Incidence, Prevalence, Screening and Pattern of Cervical Cancer among Women Attending University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu (2000-2005)


 This study examined the incidence, prevalence, screening and patterns of cervical cancer among women attending University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital from 2000-2005. To achieve the purpose of the study, seven objectives with corresponding research questions were posed and three hypotheses were postulated. The descriptive research design utilizing the expost-facto type was used for the study. The instrument for data collection was a researcher designed Cervical Cancer Inventory Proforma (CCIP). Five experts in the Department of Health and Physical Education and Department of Science Education validated the proforma. The population for the study consisted of all the records of cervical cancer cases in University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu from 2000-2005 which were 82 cases. No sampling was done as the population was not too large to handle. Data collected from the cancer registry of the health facility were used for analysis. Frequencies and percentages were used to answer the research questions while the chi-square statistic was used to test all the null hypotheses at 0.5 level of significance. The result of the study showed that the highest percentage of cervical cancer was recorded in 2004 (30.5%) while the lowest percentage was recorded in 2001 and 2002 (8.5%) respectively. The highest incidence of cervical cancer occurred among age group 61-100 years and above (35.4%), while the lowest occurred among age group 21 -30 years (1.2%). Incidence of cervical cancer was recorded more among married women (75.6%), than widowed/separated women (17.1%) and lowest incidence was found among single women (7.3%). Rural dwellers recorded a higher incidence of cervical cancer (56.1%) than urban dweller (43.9%). Highest prevalence rate (25 cases per 1000 women) was recorded in 2004 while the lowest occurred in 2000 (12 cases per 1000 women). Majority of the women (75.6%) had never gone for cervical cancer screening. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of cervical cancer according to age. There was statistically significant difference in the incidence of cervical cancer according to marital status and location. There was no statistically significant difference between the incidence of cervical cancer and uptake of cervical screening. In conclusion, cervical cancer was recorded highest in 2004, and lowest in 2001 and 2002.The highest number of cervical cancer occurred among age group 61- 100 years, among married and rural women. The highest prevalence rate of cervical cancer occurred in 2004, the number of women who had never undertaken cervical screening were higher (62) than those who had undertaken cervical screening (20).From the findings of the study, it is recommended that the government should provide screening facilities in the hospitals, provide drugs for the treatment of sexually transmitted infections and also mount regular monitoring exercises for cervical cancer through effective registration of cases. It is also recommended that cervical cancer screening should be made mandatory for all women and should also be integrated into existing medical services.

Project detailsContents
Number of Pages81 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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