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INCIDENCE, PREVALENCE AND PREVENTION OF TUBERCULOSIS AMONG RESIDENTS OF CENTRAL SENATORIAL DISTRICT OF PLATEAU STATE FROM (2002-2011).

Abstract

 The study was carried out to determine the incidence, prevalence and prevention of tuberculosis among residents of Central Senatorial District of Plateau State from 2002-2011. To achieve the purpose of the study, four objectives with corresponding research questions were posed and six hypotheses were postulated. The Ex-post facto descriptive research design was used for the study. The instrument for data collection was a researcher designed Tuberculosis Inventory Profoma (TIP) and Tuberculosis Preventive Measure Questionnaire (TMPQ). Five experts in the Department of Health and Physical Education validated the profoma and questionnaire. The population for the study consisted of 1349 cases of TB patients in all the Dot Centres of Central Senatorial District from 2002-2011 and 328 health workers sampled using proportionate stratified random sampling technique from a total of 1100 health providers in all the Dots Centres of Central Senatorial District. Data collected from the records unit of Dot Centres and questionnaire were used for analysis. Frequencies and percentages were for analysis of descriptive data while the chi-square statistics was used to test all the null hypotheses at .05 level of significance. The result of the study showed that the highest number of new sputum smear positive cases of tuberculosis was recorded in 2005 (19.6%) while the lowest occurred in 2008 (4.2%). The highest prevalence of TB cases occurred in 2005 (20.0%) while the lowest prevalence was recorded in 2008 (4.4%). The highest incidence of TB (24.9%) occurred among age group 35-44 years while the lowest (3.5%) occurred among age group 0-14 years. The highest prevalence of TB (23.9%) occurred among age group 35-44 years while the lowest prevalence was recorded within age group 0-14 years (3.6%). The highest prevalence of TB (36.0%) occurred among those with no formal education while the lowest was recorded among those with tertiary education (15.5%). Majority of the respondents (60-87.8%) indicated they adopted the guidelines on TB prevention while slightly above one-half respondents (50-58%) indicated they did not follow the guidelines. Majority of the respondents (63.4%) and 63.3 per cent indicated they provided natural ventilation in TB wards and windows kept opened in waiting areas 63.3 per cent respectively while 69.2 per cent indicated they were not provided with natural ventilation. Majority of the respondents 60-82.9 per cent indicated they provided patient education while 63.7 per cent respondents did not inform patients/family about possible side effects of drugs. There was statistically significant difference in the prevalence of TB according to age. In conclusion, tuberculosis was recorded highest in 2005 and lowest in 2008. The highest percentage of TB occurred among age group 35-44 years. The highest prevalence of TB occurred in 2005. From the findings of the study, the researcher recommended among other things that Ministry of Education and Health should collaboratively develop and enforce curriculum that emphasizes functional health literacy regarding disease prevention, and also public health authorities should intensify community health education aim at promoting health seeking behavior for early passive case detection.

Project detailsContents
 
Number of Pages132 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceReference
QuestionnaireQuestionnaire
AppendixAppendix
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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