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HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT, PANACEA TO POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN A DEVELOPING ECONOMY (A CASE STUDY OF NDE)

ABSTRACT
 Human resources coordinates the non-human resources of an organization towards the actualization of the organizational goals. Thus the economic growth and productivity of any nation depends to a great extent on the quality of its human resource development or capacity building which in turn, plays a great role in reducing poverty mainly in developing countries. Developing economies place much emphasis on economic growth as a fantastic measure to poverty reduction. However, reliance on the economic growth strategy to achieve the desired level of poverty reduction is now being questioned. A preferred approach is a multi-dimensional one in which the economic growth strategy is combined with interventions by government and non-governmental organizations to improve the conditions of supply of basic amenities both to rural and urban areas. Moreover, a holistic concept approach was adopted regarding the various stakeholders involved in human development and poverty reduction such as government, credit institutions, policy makers, and non-governmental organizations. This research work was carried out in different parts of the country but with particular emphasis/attention in Abia State. The statement of the main problem being the fact that human development is a panacea to poverty reduction. The work is also a compulsory overview and has formally reflected that any form of poverty reduction in any country without traces of good human development will definitely end in shambles. Conclusively, the point so far made is that the effect to poverty reduction in Nigeria and other developing countries could only withstand the test of times when human development is increasing in geometrical progression so that any form of government policies, economical, political and cultural reforms will be actualized.
 CHAPTER ONE 
INTRODUCTION 
 It is not controversial to say that Nigeria is the most populous and one of the largest countries in sub-Saharan African. The issue of poverty in different parts of the world is no longer news but well known stories. Nigeria is not an exception when it comes to poverty issues in the world. There is on-going effort to fight poverty in the world including the African continent. Despite Nigeria’s socio-economic and political situations she has been unstable for more than four decades after independence, with adverse consequences live non consolidation of our nascent democracy, welfare and poverty among its citizens. More so, it is more perplexing that despite the huge resources (human and non human) that have been devoted to poverty reduction and the different phases of poverty reduction programmes that have been introduced by successive governments, no significant success has been achieved in this direction. The Human Development Index (HDI 2010) reveals that Nigeria was ranked very low in Human Development Index. Nigeria ranked 142nd out of 169 countries that were studied. Worthy of mentioning here is that Libya was the only African country that was ranked among the high human development index countries. However, the Human Development Report (HDR 2009) which is the most recent as at the time of writing this work reveals that Nigeria was ranked 114 out of 135 countries whose data were found and processed to get this information. Niger and Afghanistan were ranked 134 and 135 respectively (second to the last and the last). From the above information from the Human Development Report (HDR 2009), Nigeria is the 21st poorest country in the world when it comes to Human Poverty Index (HPI) and 27th poorest country in the world when it comes to Human Development Index. It is critical at the outset to acknowledge the complexities and the varied dimensions of poverty before one begins to contemplate any form of discussion of human development opportunities provided by the increasing capabilities of Information Communication Technology (ICT) to meet the needs of the poor. This work takes a starting point from the Napal Human Development Report 2001 on poverty reduction and governance that has defined poverty and human development as follows: “Poverty is a state of economic, social, and psychological deprivation occurring among people or countries lacking sufficient ownership, control or access to resources to maintain minimal acceptable standard of living. It represents an exclusionary relationship where individuals or states are denied access to and adequate package of resources”. Human Development on the other hand, is defined as being centred with concerns of widening the range of choices for individuals and communities to pursue economic, social, cultural and political rights and needs by enhancing their capabilities to shape their lives as they wish. The full achievement of human development will theoretically enable them to live in dignity, long and healthy life, to obtain education and further knowledge, to have control over key resources, to engage in a productive employment of his or her choice, and to participate effectively in activities of community and the state. It must be acknowledged that the various agendas of different agencies and bodies placed against the needs and demands of the communities themselves have at time placed necessary pressure and tension that either expedite or undermine the efforts that are taking place in the name of human development and poverty alleviation. Hence, it becomes even more critical that due analysis is undertaken beforehand on the correlation and dynamic links between the proposed poverty alleviation strategies and the aim of achieving sustainable human development. Human development is a course of action designed to enable the individual to realize his/her potentials for growth and development in the society. It is a policy whereby the citizen are allow to rise to any possible height through their hard work and ability to fit into new establishments and various government policies. Cole (1996). A Poverty Reduction Initiative (PRI) which is a systematic framework for identification, support, coordination and monitoring of poverty focused intervention in all sectors and all levels of administration in the country should be adopted as a broad mechanism for targeted poverty reduction. It is pertinent to note that poverty of any nation can only be reduced drastically when human developments are developed geometrically.

Project detailsContents
 
Number of Pages104 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceReference
QuestionnaireQuestionnaire
AppendixAppendix
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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