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Health Problems and Health Care Provisions for Pre-School Children in Vandeikya Local Government Area of Benue State

Abstract

 The purpose of study was to determine the health problems and health care provisions for pre-school children in Vandeikya Local Government Area of Benue State. The questionnaire and nursery school observation checklist were the instrument for data collection. The population for the study included 48 head teachers and 192 classroom teachers drawn from 48 nursery schools Frequencies and percentages were used to answer five research questions while t-test statistic was used to verify the three hypotheses posed on the study. The findings of the study were: that (68%) measles was the highest common communicable diseases followed by whopping cough (29%) and fever (23%); while (88%) malaria was the highest non-communicable diseases found among the pre-school children followed by malnutrition (15%) and diarrhoea (14%); that (52%) fever top the list of emergency conditions experienced among pre-school children followed by headache (43%) and cut (28%); that (89%) noise making was the highest social health problems of the pre-school children followed by singing (45%), fighting (34%), pulling and rushing at things (33%) withdrawal from school (285) and thumb sucking (24%); that (53%) fear and the gifted respectively top the list of emotional health problems experienced by the pre-school children followed by continous crying (49%), destroying things (35%), shyness (31%) depressed (27%), and stubbornness (26%); that (58%) immunization team was the highest human resources available for health care of the pre-school children followed by teachers (41%) secondary education (34%); while (85%) well top the list of material resources for pre-school children followed by health centre (67%) rain (21%); that (83%) in the urban while (81%) rural arrange for immunization top the list of level of health care services followed by first aid (69%) rural while (62%) in the urban, take him to rest room (30%) urban while (27%) in the rural; while (86%) take child to toilet in the urban and (54%) rural top the list of methods of refuse collections, sewage and disposal followed by basket (85%) rural (52%) urban, everyday (52%) urban while 51%) rural; that the null hypothesis of no statistically significant difference between the physical health problems of the rural and urban pre-school children in Vandeikya Local Government Area of Benue State was rejected; that the null hypothesis of no statistically significant difference between the social health problems of the rural and urban pre-school children in Vandeikya Local Government Area of Benue State was upheld; that the null hypothesis of no statistically significant difference between the emotional health problems of the rural and urban pre-school children in Vandeikya Local Government Area of Benue State was rejected; that the researcher observed a few features which were very satisfactory (optimal situation) available for pre-school children in the area (94%) chalked board was the highest followed by immunization status (56%); some features were satisfactory (moderate situation) (75%) health inspection, safety measure (67%) and chair for sitting (58%); some features were unsatisfactory (poor situation) (75%) provision of toilet facilities, food service room (73%), water supply and storage (60%); some features were absent (absent of visible provisions) (100%) records of weight and height, family health history (97%) child past history (96%), present health records (94%). Bed/Cot (92%) etc. On the basis of findings the researcher suggested that the pre-school children with physical, social and emotional health problems should be corrected at the formative stage and where there is no improvement parents should be advised to send them to hospital for intensive care. The available resources should be utilized and the level of health care should be improved for the children to grow and learn better. The researcher suggests that a similar studies be carried out in other local governments of the state, she further suggests that future studies should consider comparative study on age, the role of parents educational level as they affect the health care provisions of the pre-school children.

Project detailsContents
 
Number of Pages80 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceReference
QuestionnaireQuestionnaire
AppendixAppendix
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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