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SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ADOPTERS OF HEALTH ENHANCING BEHAVIOURS AMONG MIDDLE AGE CIVIL SERVANTS OF ENUGU EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

CHAPTER ONE

 Introduction

 Background to the Study
 Man has always sought for ways to enhance health and well-being in the face of health challenges resulting from sickness and diseases. Every individual including the middle age civil servant is therefore expected to adopt health behaviours that will help him/her to promote health and well-being; these are known as health enhancing behaviours (HEBs). Health enhancing behaviours are very essential for every human being irrespective of age, gender or other variables, since these behaviours forms the basis for the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health and well-being of every individual. Health enhancing behaviours are defined as those activities and habits related to health which an individual adopts in order to protect, maintain, restore and improve health (Gochman, 1997). They include healthy nutritional behaviours, physical activity, safety measures like; use of seat belt and protected sex (use of condom), use of personal protective equipment (PPE) for some hospital and factory workers. Other safety measures include adoption of Universal Precaution for hospital workers who deal with blood and other body fluid, finally proper hygiene behaviours and then sleep, rest and relaxation. The focus of this study is on the socio-demographic characteristics of adopters of health enhancing behaviours among middle age civil servants and to find out the proportion of middle age civil servants who adopt HEBs as well as the variables that can influence adoption or non-adoption of HEBs. Globally, individuals including the middle age civil servants are faced with certain health and disease conditions and the issue of health enhancement among the middle-aged adults have become a great concern for health care providers and the employers of labour, as this age group constitutes not only the experienced work force within the labor market but also those seriously involved in the upbringing of children in the society (Healthy People, 2010). In the United States, Healthy People (2000) (US Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS 1996) listed increased physical activity, changes in nutritional behaviours, adequate sleep, rest and relaxation among others, as important for health enhancement/promotion and disease prevention. Surgeon General Report on health promotion and disease prevention (2009) attributed 50 per cent of all death to non-adoption of health enhancing behaviours. In Nigeria, the story is not different, since our way of life seems to affect our behaviours; including our health behaviours, therefore adoption of health enhancing behaviours is very important to every individual. Again health behaviour choices made from the alternatives available to the people according to socio-economic circumstances, also affects ones’ fitness and health status positively or negatively. Health enhancing behaviours are continuous process that enables people to increase the control of their health (Shehu, Onasanya, Onigbinde, Ogunsakin & Bada, 2013). In the context of this study, the middle age civil servants are expected to seek for ways of enhancing their health and well-being by adopting health enhancing behaviours that will help them improve, protect, maintain and promote health and well-being, irrespective of their age, gender, educational level, marital status, occupation and location. Health is a state of one being free from disease or any spiritual/mental problem and in the context of this study, one is said to be healthy as long as the individual is not hindered from performing normal daily activities by any ailment. According to Russell (1975), health is defined as a ‘state of complete physical, environmental, emotional and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’. World Health Organization (1948) defined health as a complete of physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health is also defined as a condition of being sound in body, mind and spirit especially being free from physical disease and pain (Stedman 2006). Enhancing means making an improvement of what used to be, making something better and adding value to what used to be. In the context of health enhancing, it is to increase quality of life, add more value to life thereby making life more enjoyable and worth living. Enhancing according to Petr, Horak, Kopeck and Pala (2014), is defined as making something more attractive and valuable, enhancing also means an increase or further increase of good quality, status or value, to augment or add more features to something.

Project detailsContents
 
Number of Pages94 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceReference
QuestionnaireQuestionnaire
AppendixAppendix
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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