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Evaluation of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV and AIDS Programme in Umuahia Hospitals


The study was to evaluate the PMTCT of HIV and AIDS programme in Umuahia hospitals. The study evaluated the availability of PMTCT service, availability and adequacy of qualified service providers and materials, the level of utilization of PMTCT services and factors that influenced the utilization of PMTCT service. The factors evaluated in relation to the utilization of the services were educational level, location and age of HIV positive pregnant women. To achieve the purpose of the study, eleven research questions were posed and four null hypotheses were postulated. The study adopted a cross sectional survey research design. It covered the only PMTCT site (FMC Umuahia) and 5 private hospitals providing VC. All the HIV positive pregnant women that attended ANC at the period of study (4 weeks) were used. All the 14 PMTCT service providers in FMC Umuahia and the 8 PMTCT trained staff in 5 private hospitals were also used as respondents. Data collected were both quantitative and qualitative. Fifty eight HIV positive pregnant women who attended ANC at the period of study responded to the questionnaire for HIV positive pregnant women (QHPPW) while 22 PMTCT service providers responded to the questionnaire for PMTCT service providers (QPSPs). Seven PMTCT service providers were also the participants of the focus group discussion. For the purpose of reaching a valid conclusion, data from the 58 respondents who completed the QHPPH and 22 respondents who completed the QPSPs were analyzed quantitatively. Frequency distribution and percentages were used to answer research questions one and seven, while mean and standard deviation were used to answer research questions two to six. T-test and ANOVA were used to verify the three null hypotheses formulated for the study at 05 level of significance. Data generated from the FGD with PMTCT service providers were used to substantiate the findings. The study revealed that voluntary counseling, HIV testing, antiretroviral therapy, caesarean section and safer infant feeding counseling services were available in the government hospital. Majority of the PMTCT service providers and materials were moderately available and adequate. Four out of the five PMTCT services available were highly utilized by the clients. The study also revealed that majority of the respondents indicated that majority of the factors influenced the utilization of these services. The study further revealed that the utilization of these PMTCT services did not differ by level of education, location and age of clients except the use safer infant feeding counseling which differed based on the location of the clients. Based on the major findings and conclusions, it was recommended among others that Social workers and Health Educators should be employed and trained for PMTCT programme to sensitize, educate and encourage HIV positive pregnant women to avail themselves of PMTCT programme. To educate and encourage rural women who are HIV positive to strictly practice safer infant feeding after delivery.

Project detailsContents
Number of Pages97 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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