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EFFECT OF LOCAL RESOURCES ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND INTEREST IN CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ARTS, IN NSUKKA, ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA.

ABSTRACT 

 This study sought to determine the effect of the local resources on students’ achievement and interest in Cultural and Creative Arts (CCA). It also investigated the influence of gender and location on achievement and interest in CCA when local resources are used. The two types of instructional materials used are local resources for the experimental group while commercial materials for the control group. The study employed a quasi experimental 2 x 2 x 2 factorial research design, involving four intact groups. Specifically the pretest, posttest non-equivalent control group design was adopted. Ninety-Eight (98) Junior Secondary School two (JSS 11) students randomly drawn from four schools in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria, served as the subjects for the study. The subjects in each of the four groups were tested before and after treatment on their achievement and interest in the units of Cultural and Creative Arts taught during the study. Ten research questions and ten null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The researcher hypothesized that type of resources, gender and location as main effects and the interaction between the three independent factors would not have significant (< 0.05) effect on the learners’ achievement and interest in CCA. Instruments used for data collection were a Cultural and Creative Arts Achievement Test (CCAAT) which consisted of 40 questions and a Cultural and Creative Arts Interest Inventory (CCAII) made up of 20 items. The instruments were developed by the researcher and validated by three experts. Kuder Richardson was used to determine the estimate of internal consistency for CCAAT and Cronbach Alpha for CCAII which yielded reliability indices of .67 and .72 respectively. Both instruments were considered usable. Analysis of data was done using mean and standard deviation for the ten research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used for the hypotheses. The results showed among others that the commercial resources were not superior to local resources since both resources enhanced students’ achievement and interest in CCA. There was no statistically significant difference in the mean achievement and interest scores of students due to the type of resources; there was no significant difference in the achievement and interest of male and female students in CCA; there was no significant mean difference in the achievement and interest of urban and rural students in CCA. There was also no significant interaction effect between resource type and gender on achievement and interest in CCA and also between resource type and location on achievement and interest in CCA. These findings enabled the researcher to conclude that local resources are equally very effective in the teaching and learning of CCA. Recommendations were therefore, made on the basis of the findings of this study. It was suggested among others that the local resources should be used for the teaching and learning of CCA in junior secondary schools; students should source the local resources which abound in their local environment for their individual and group art work; and students should popularize the use of local resources as close substitute to commercial ones which are very scarce and expensive.

Review project detailsComments
 
Number of Pages158 pages
Chapter one (1)Yes  Introduction
Chapter two (2)Yes  Literature review
Chapter three (3) Yes methodology
Chapter  four (4) Yes  Data analysis
Chapter  five (5) Yes Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceYes Reference
QuestionnaireYes Questionnaire
Appendixyes Appendix
Chapter summaryyes 1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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