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ECONOMICS OF ECOTOURISM IN OLD OYO NATIONAL PARK

CHAPTER ONE

 INTRODUCTION

 1.1 Background 

Information Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization (WTO) defines tourists as people travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes (WTO, 2009). Sylvie, (2005) stated that tourism is a way to invite visitors to explore the area under different angles. This is also considered an important part of the national economic industry of a country. Tourism is a more general term that includes a variety of ways to educate and entertain tourists, in both natural and artificial settings. Tourism in Nigeria centres largely on cultural events due to the country’s ample amount of ethnic groups, but also includes rain forest, savannah, waterfalls and other natural attractions (Achibong, 2004). Tourist sites in Nigeria include festivals and cultural celebrations (such as Durbar festival, Arugungu, Eyo, etc.), the nation’s national parks (such as Old Oyo, Yankari and Cross River National Parks), and other geographical sites (such as Aso Rock, Abuja). The increase in human population and preferences for leisure activities often leads to an increase in demand for recreational use of public lands in many parts of the world (Bowler et al., 1999; Foot, 1990 and 2004; Nickerson, 2000). National Park, like other environmental resources and public goods used by humans, has benefit in many different ways. These environmental resources have many functions relating to ecological purposes. They also offer recreational resources to everyone who visits them. National Parks, which are offered as ecotourism sites, can enhance national income, and have economic impacts to society around its area (Nuva and Shamsudin 2009)and hence, can contribute to the national economic growth. Ecotourism is a form of tourism that involves visiting natural area - in the remote wilderness or urban environments. According to the definition and principle of ecotourism established by the International Ecotourism Society (TIES) in 1990, ecotourism is responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people (TIES, 2015). Honey, (1999) expanded on the TIES definition by describing the seven characteristics of ecotourism, which are that it

Review project detailsComments
 
Number of Pages76 pages
Chapter one (1)Yes  Introduction
Chapter two (2)Yes  Literature review
Chapter three (3) Yes methodology
Chapter  four (4) Yes  Data analysis
Chapter  five (5) Yes Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceYes Reference
QuestionnaireYes Questionnaire
Appendixyes Appendix
Chapter summaryyes 1 to 5 chapters
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