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DISTANCE EDUCATION AS A STRATEGY FOR EMPOWERING WOMEN (EDUCATIONALLY) FOR SAFE MOTHERHOOD IN NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

CHAPTER ONE 

INTRODUCTION

 Background of the Study

 Distance Education (DE) according to Holmberg (1989:12), covers the various forms of the study at all levels which are not under the immediate supervision of the tutors (with the learners in lecture rooms or on the same premises) but which nevertheless, benefit from planning, guidance and teaching of supporting organization. Moore (1985:21), on the other hand defines DE as a family of instructional methods in which the teaching behaviours are executed apart from the learning behaviours. He adds that DE includes those educational activities that in a contiguous situation would be performed in the learner’s presence, so that communication between the facilitators and the learners must be facilitated by print, electronic, mechanical and other devices. Every educational endeavour, according to Lehner (1989:14), such as DE, has the purpose of widening of consciousness and liberation from restriction in the cognitive and emotional fields. This opening of the mind has consequences from the understanding conditions in the external objective world for acquisition of knowledge and for subjective development. New social circumstances, economic efficiency and democracy cannot develop without people. DE practice attracts ensuring that the socially, economically and geographically isolated cope with the increased changes in volume of information UNESCO (1997). DE is an instrument for accelerating the pace of all aspect of human transformation to shake off inertia in the people, achieve mobilization and direct the productive forces in improving the living conditions of the people. Empowerment according to Ruth (1990) is the opening up of avenues for generations of people in the nation to participate actively and enjoy their participation in the family, community, society and in the world at large. Empowerment entails a complexity of change in developmental issues such as raising productivity, widening access to education, improving nutrition and living conditions, providing legal and political recognition, maintaining cultural values enjoying peaceful co-existence, improving health condition, enhancing agriculture (Ogili, 1998). Empowerment in the context of women issue has been misunderstood by both the sincere and cynical. Some people understand empowerment of women to be encouraging women to feel more superior than they actually are. Others see empowerment of women as a threat to males in term of over shadowing them. Others regard it as undesirable women liberation (Akande, 1994). In the most refined sense of the word, empowerment of women is consciousness awareness in both men and women for participatory and integrated development of all available human resources in nation or community. It is a social consciousness mechanism by the decision makers in a nation to re-construct society and effect changes that will contribute to national development (Ogili, 1998). Furthermore empowerment entails a complexity of changes in the social conscience of the ruling class, to make decision that are humane and that can make diverse interest groups in the society, labour together towards a common goal of nationalization (Olapodo, 1996). Empowerment is a process to facilitate and enable people to acquire skills, knowledge and confidence to make responsible choices and to carry them out. It is about helping to create settings which facilitate autonomous functioning (Ruth, 1990). He adds that empowerment is an enabling process which enhances people’s own abilities and capacities to direct and control their own lives. By its very nature, it is unique to individual or the group to be self-helping, self-reliant and self-activating. Safe-motherhood covers all aspects which contribute to make women safe during the perilous period of pregnancy and delivery. Some women are more at risk than others, especially girls under the age of fifteen or women in the mid or late forties (Kauba, 1995). For women, motherhood is a central focus of their lives, because a childless woman is regarded as an aberration in our society, sometimes almost a social outcast.
Review project details Comments
 
Number of Pages 56 pages
Chapter one (1) Yes  Introduction
Chapter two (2) Yes  Literature review
Chapter three (3)  Yes methodology
Chapter  four (4)  Yes  Data analysis
Chapter  five (5)  Yes Summary,discussion & recommendations
Reference Yes Reference
Questionnaire Yes Questionnaire
Appendix yes Appendix
Chapter summary yes 1 to 5 chapters
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