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CULTURAL FACTORS AFFECTING WORKERS PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF GOVERNMENT PARASTATALS IN ENUGU STATE)

ABSTRACT
 It is a well-known fact that business organization develops a particular work practice and management attitude, which relied, their shared values, aspirations and goals. A workforce is made up of people with diverse values and aspirations and goals. A workforce is made up of people with diverse vales and aspirations, the organization is expected to recognize these values. The more the organization accept these values, the higher the morale and productivity of the employee. This is easier when member of this organization are drawn from the same ethnic configuration. The culture of people which constitute the organization, would which to express their diverse values and expected that such to be respected. Culture constitutes the spiritual consciousness of people and it is deep rooted in their daily lives and they will give their best to those who will make them grow and allow them remain their basic core values. However, in any organization there are power bases and corporate culture are influenced by the culture of that power base. In most organizations in Nigeria, the culture of the host community and country at large determines how work is done. The study discovered that management practices are influenced by culture, the cultural orientation of the company's management determines the management practice the adopt. It is the management responsibility to cause its workforce to stretch in other to align to the culture being practice by the organization. In the light of the above, this study employs a descriptive survey method in analyzing the impact of culture in organization performance. Primary and secondary source of data were employed. Questionnaires were developed and distributed to the stall of the NBC for a first hand information and chi-square were used to analyse the data and recommendations were made. 
CHAPTER ONE
 INTRODUCTION
 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
 All organizational have certain resources, which they utilize to achieve the organizational objectives. In modern times, these resources are money, man, materials and machine. Akpala (1999:2). He stresses the need for the combination and utilization of these resources for attaining organizational goals. These goals are about getting an organization into division of labour, assigning work to different people, creation of hierarchy and establishment of power centers. All these are being performed through and with individuals in an ever changing organizational environment. So manager have to adjust their managerial operations in the context of environmental factors just as the exchange between the organization and the factors of its environment can bring about and influence the organization, Hampton (1992:120. One of environmental factor that concerns this study in a way is culture and its influence on organization performance. Trewartha and Newport (1995:162) gave the meaning of culture from the anthropological and sociological standpoint saying that it referred to the belief, behaviour, norms, and values within a given society. It refers to learned behavioural traits shared by members of a given society. Ugbaja (1999:142). It is stepped in tradition and heritage. But looking at culture from organization and management point of view, it is the tradition and heritage that influence the pattern of combining and utilizing the resources of an organization. Nwatu (1999:15). Culture also influence attitude of people towards work, the character of organization objectives, authority relationships, styles of leadership, the extent of the use of controls and the way employees are rewarded. This assertion seems to the supported by past studies. On the basis of a 6 years empirical study of 34 firms, Pascal (1997:125) report that managerial or management systems are not absolute, rather they are socially and culturally determined. Pascal maintains that across, all cultures and in all societies people when coming together to perform work encounter common problems, having to do with established direction, co-ordination and motivation. The values and belief of an organization are a manifestation of the kind of good that its members should strive to meet, as well as ideas about the standard of behaviour members should utilize in achieving these goals. From these organizational values, management will develop guidelines and expectations, prescribing the kind of behaviour deemed appropriate for employees to demonstrate in particular situations, thus guiding and controlling the interaction of all members of the organization. The effects of this will be to given an overall corporate "feel" the internal and external interactions. It is widely acknowledged that organizational culture has an impact upon company performance. Accordance to Joanna Martin (1992) the objective of studying organizational life more. One of the eminent themes that is often discussed and debated in the management and business literature is the influence of corporate culture on organizational performance. Corporate culture is a management philosophy and a way of managing on organization in improving the effectiveness and efficiency of its performance (Kotler and Heskett, 2006).

Project detailsContents
 
Number of Pages95 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceReference
QuestionnaireQuestionnaire
AppendixAppendix
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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