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ASSESSMENT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) INTEGRATION AND UTILIZATION IN BASIC NURSING EDUCATION IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE 

INTRODUCTION 

Background to the Study

 Information and communication technology (ICT) is an indispensable part of the contemporary world as a result of globalization, changing economy and technological development (Carmen, 2003). ICT emerged from the concept of information technology (IT), but it is a more specific term that stresses the role of unified communication and integration of technologies to communications. ICT which includes radio, television and newer digital technologies such as computers hardware and software, e- blackboard, mobile phones, visualizers and satellite systems and so on, are potentially powerful tools that enable users to access, store, transmit and manipulate information. It is used for global communication and productivity (Gesci, 2009; Gloyal, purohit & Bhagat, 2010). The development of electronic and communication theory led to the development of technologies that were able to transmit several signals on the same wire simultaneously (Carmen, 2003). Generally, the functions of ICT will vary slightly depending on the environment they are being used in. Their functions can be considered as speed and automation, capacity and range, provisionality and connectivity. Speed and automatic functions of ICT include copy and paste, spell check, graphing and formulae (Collis, 2002). All these allow users to complete more at a faster pace. Capacity and range functions are search techniques, selecting, reading and knowing what to use. These allow users to make informed decisions about finding the data that are most relevant to their work (European Commission, 2004). Provisionality functions include adding or replacing text and images, saving drafts and changing font size or colour. While, connectivity / interactivity functions of ICT refers to responding to other people’s work, sound and images through the internet e.g. e mail (Oliver, 2000). Thus, advances in information and communication technologies (ICTs) and the need to share information globally have led to the evolution of the internet. The availability of the internet has given rise to an electronic approach to many aspects of our lives. The impact of ICT in fields such as education, medicine, banking, tourism, travel, business and law to mention but a few, in the past three decades has been enormous. The way these fields operate today is vastly different from the way they operated in the past (Duffy & Cunningham, 2008). Furthermore, various ICT devices have emerged to enhance the speed and quality of services delivery and how services are handled worldwide. For example, ICT integration into banking has resulted to e-banking and cashless society (Central Bank of Nigeria, 2011). While in tourism and transport ICT has replaced or modified travel and movement of goods by applications such as teleworking, e – commerce and electronic service delivery and other electronically mediated activities (Gloyal, Purohit, & Bhagat, 2010). Similarly, integration of ICT in education is a potentially powerful tool for extending educational opportunities. It provides opportunities to deploy innovative teaching methodologies and interesting materials that create interest in students learning process thereby increasing students’ learning competence (Banyard & Underwood, 2007).

Project detailsContents
 
Number of Pages117 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceReference
QuestionnaireQuestionnaire
AppendixAppendix
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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