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APPRAISAL OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PUBLIC RELATIONS EMPLOYED BY OIL COMPANIES IN MANAGING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN THE NIGER DELTA. (STUDY OF SHELL PETROLEUM DEVELOPMENT COMPANY)

CHAPTER ONE 

1.1 INTRODUCTION

 The Niger Delta regions of Nigeria have in recent years become a hot-bed of explosive crisis and conflicts that often leave some deaths and mindless destructions in their wake, all resulting mainly from sour relationship between the oil producing companies operating in the areas and their aggrieved host communities. In fact, according to the public relations manager of Shell Petroleum, N.T. Enyia (2000:50), “oil Companies” host communities have at sundry times perpetrated anarchy against them, which range from vandalization of oil industry facilities, attack on personnel, hostage taking of oil workers, sabotage activities and destruction of lives and property, resulting from pent-up aggressions and restiveness that could have been doused by a systematic development strategy”. On their own part, indigenes of these oil companies’ host communities have always had a plethora of accusations against the oil companies which range from:  A mindless exploitation and carting away of their god-given resources, which accounts for about 90% of the nations revenue, while the area remains the most backward, under-developed region of the country, with abject poverty as a constant identity of her people (Ledum Mitee, 2001).  A heartless degradation of their agricultural lands, and destruction of their aquatic life, biodiversity and ecosystem, thereby totally denying them of their traditional occupations of fisheries and farming, which further reduces them to a life of suffering, penury and indigence (Saro-Wiwa, 1996:5).  Exposure to inimical health hazards, resulting from environmental pollution through the release of harmful chemical substances into the atmosphere. This also come in forms of gas flaring, air pollution, water pollution and noise pollutions.  They also accuse the oil companies of not usually doing enough to mitigate the effects of oil spillage, burst pipes and other accidents when they occur, nor adequately compensate the victims of such accidents. Summarizing all these, the then chairman of the Niger Delta Environmental Survey (NDES), Gamaliel O. Onosode (1996:24) once wrote that “the exploration and production of oil have greatly impacted on the Niger-Delta both socio-economically and ecologically”. “Public attention”, Onosode (1996:25) added, “has focused on the appropriation of oil from the region because this resource which account for the bulk of the national budget has made only marginal impact on the quality of life of ordinary community members, poverty and social dislocation, quite apart from environmental degradation, are facts of life and appear to be sources of conflicts between the oil companies and many communities in the area”. Onosode, you could say, seems to have not only called a spade on spade here, but also spoken the minds of the entire Niger Deltans. It is this wave of mentality that manifests its

Project detailsContents
 
Number of Pages138 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
ReferenceReference
QuestionnaireQuestionnaire
AppendixAppendix
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
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