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 Background to the Study
 Maternal mortality remains a major challenge to health systems worldwide (Margaret, Moshen et al; 2010). Of the eight United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), that of reducing maternal mortality (5th MDG) remains the furthest from reaching its target (MDG report, 2011; Lozano, Wang, et al; 2011). Maternal death is a tragedy for the woman, the child, the families and the communities. The tragedy is that these deaths are largely preventable. Worldwide, maternal mortality is the health index that shows the greatest disparity between developing and developed countries (Fathalla, 2006: Neilson, 2005). It is an important indicator of women’s health, social and economic status in both developing and developed countries. It is also an indicator of an access to antenatal care and delivery services, and of the quality of these health care systems overall (Fathalla, 2006: Hoj, Dasilva, et al., 2003). TERM OF USE Our duty is to assist you with complete, quality and well organized project topics and materials which should be used as reference or guild line to your research work and should not be copy word to word as we do not encourage Plagiarism. Website: www.projectandmaterials.com Email: info@projectandmaterials.com 2 Every day, approximately 800 women die from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth (WHO/UNICEF, 2007). Of these, an estimated 98% occurred in developing countries (WHO/UNICEF, 2007). These high figures occurred despite the Safe Motherhood Initiative (SMI) launched in Kenya in 1987 and Nigeria in 1990, aimed at reducing maternal mortality in Africa. An estimated 289,000 women suffered maternal mortality in 2013 (Anne, 2014). This represents a fall of 45% since 1990 where there were 529,000 deaths annually (WHO/UNICEF, 2007). This decline was mainly observed in developed countries. Nearly a third of deaths occurred just in two countries: India with 17% (50,000 deaths in 2013) and Nigeria with 17% (40, 000) of maternal deaths (Anne, 2014; WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA, 2014). Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest MMR (510 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births) accounting for 62% (179,000) of global maternal deaths (Anne, 2014, WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA, 2014), whereas it accounts for only 10% of all women of reproductive age (15 – 49 years) in the world. South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa together accounted for 86% of maternal deaths globally, though they accounted for 22% of all women of reproductive age. These figures when compared with MMR of 9/100,000 and the life time risk of maternal deaths of I in 7300 for the developed regions indicate that pregnancy related deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa is exceedingly high (WHO UNICEF, UNFPA 2007). The cumulative lifetime risk of maternal death is 332 times higher for women in Sub-Saharan Africa (where lifetime risk of maternal death is 1:22) compared to the developed regions (7300/22=332). Perhaps, there is no other health indicator that shows such a high degree of inequality.

Project detailsContents
Number of Pages59 pages
Chapter one Introduction
Chapter two Literature review
Chapter three  methodology
Chapter  four  Data analysis
Chapter  five Summary,discussion & recommendations
Chapter summary1 to 5 chapters
Available documentPDF and MS-word format


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